A modified version of compiler-builtins for zynq, with fast memcpy implementation adapted from newlib.
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// Copyright 2017 The Rust Project Developers. See the COPYRIGHT
// file at the top-level directory of this distribution and at
// http://rust-lang.org/COPYRIGHT.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 <LICENSE-APACHE or
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0> or the MIT license
// <LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT>, at your
// option. This file may not be copied, modified, or distributed
// except according to those terms.
//! This module defines the `__rust_probestack` intrinsic which is used in the
//! implementation of "stack probes" on certain platforms.
//!
//! The purpose of a stack probe is to provide a static guarantee that if a
//! thread has a guard page then a stack overflow is guaranteed to hit that
//! guard page. If a function did not have a stack probe then there's a risk of
//! having a stack frame *larger* than the guard page, so a function call could
//! skip over the guard page entirely and then later hit maybe the heap or
//! another thread, possibly leading to security vulnerabilities such as [The
//! Stack Clash], for example.
//!
//! [The Stack Clash]: https://blog.qualys.com/securitylabs/2017/06/19/the-stack-clash
//!
//! The `__rust_probestack` is called in the prologue of functions whose stack
//! size is larger than the guard page, for example larger than 4096 bytes on
//! x86. This function is then responsible for "touching" all pages relevant to
//! the stack to ensure that that if any of them are the guard page we'll hit
//! them guaranteed.
//!
//! The precise ABI for how this function operates is defined by LLVM. There's
//! no real documentation as to what this is, so you'd basically need to read
//! the LLVM source code for reference. Often though the test cases can be
//! illuminating as to the ABI that's generated, or just looking at the output
//! of `llc`.
//!
//! Note that `#[naked]` is typically used here for the stack probe because the
//! ABI corresponds to no actual ABI.
//!
//! Finally it's worth noting that at the time of this writing LLVM only has
//! support for stack probes on x86 and x86_64. There's no support for stack
//! probes on any other architecture like ARM or PowerPC64. LLVM I'm sure would
//! be more than welcome to accept such a change!
#![cfg(not(feature = "mangled-names"))]
// Windows already has builtins to do this.
#![cfg(not(windows))]
// We only define stack probing for these architectures today.
#![cfg(any(target_arch = "x86_64", target_arch = "x86"))]
extern "C" {
pub fn __rust_probestack();
}
// A wrapper for our implementation of __rust_probestack, which allows us to
// keep the assembly inline while controlling all CFI directives in the assembly
// emitted for the function.
//
// This is the ELF version.
#[cfg(not(any(target_vendor = "apple", target_os = "uefi")))]
macro_rules! define_rust_probestack {
($body: expr) => {
concat!(
"
.pushsection .text.__rust_probestack
.globl __rust_probestack
.type __rust_probestack, @function
__rust_probestack:
",
$body,
"
.size __rust_probestack, . - __rust_probestack
.popsection
"
)
};
}
#[cfg(target_os = "uefi")]
macro_rules! define_rust_probestack {
($body: expr) => {
concat!(
"
.globl __rust_probestack
__rust_probestack:
",
$body
)
};
}
// Same as above, but for Mach-O. Note that the triple underscore
// is deliberate
#[cfg(target_vendor = "apple")]
macro_rules! define_rust_probestack {
($body: expr) => {
concat!(
"
.globl ___rust_probestack
___rust_probestack:
",
$body
)
};
}
// Our goal here is to touch each page between %rsp+8 and %rsp+8-%rax,
// ensuring that if any pages are unmapped we'll make a page fault.
//
// The ABI here is that the stack frame size is located in `%rax`. Upon
// return we're not supposed to modify `%rsp` or `%rax`.
#[cfg(target_arch = "x86_64")]
global_asm!(define_rust_probestack!(
"
.cfi_startproc
pushq %rbp
.cfi_adjust_cfa_offset 8
.cfi_offset %rbp, -16
movq %rsp, %rbp
.cfi_def_cfa_register %rbp
mov %rax,%r11 // duplicate %rax as we're clobbering %r11
// Main loop, taken in one page increments. We're decrementing rsp by
// a page each time until there's less than a page remaining. We're
// guaranteed that this function isn't called unless there's more than a
// page needed.
//
// Note that we're also testing against `8(%rsp)` to account for the 8
// bytes pushed on the stack orginally with our return address. Using
// `8(%rsp)` simulates us testing the stack pointer in the caller's
// context.
// It's usually called when %rax >= 0x1000, but that's not always true.
// Dynamic stack allocation, which is needed to implement unsized
// rvalues, triggers stackprobe even if %rax < 0x1000.
// Thus we have to check %r11 first to avoid segfault.
cmp $0x1000,%r11
jna 3f
2:
sub $0x1000,%rsp
test %rsp,8(%rsp)
sub $0x1000,%r11
cmp $0x1000,%r11
ja 2b
3:
// Finish up the last remaining stack space requested, getting the last
// bits out of r11
sub %r11,%rsp
test %rsp,8(%rsp)
// Restore the stack pointer to what it previously was when entering
// this function. The caller will readjust the stack pointer after we
// return.
add %rax,%rsp
leave
.cfi_def_cfa_register %rsp
.cfi_adjust_cfa_offset -8
ret
.cfi_endproc
"
));
#[cfg(target_arch = "x86")]
// This is the same as x86_64 above, only translated for 32-bit sizes. Note
// that on Unix we're expected to restore everything as it was, this
// function basically can't tamper with anything.
//
// The ABI here is the same as x86_64, except everything is 32-bits large.
global_asm!(define_rust_probestack!(
"
.cfi_startproc
push %ebp
.cfi_adjust_cfa_offset 4
.cfi_offset %ebp, -8
mov %esp, %ebp
.cfi_def_cfa_register %ebp
push %ecx
mov %eax,%ecx
cmp $0x1000,%ecx
jna 3f
2:
sub $0x1000,%esp
test %esp,8(%esp)
sub $0x1000,%ecx
cmp $0x1000,%ecx
ja 2b
3:
sub %ecx,%esp
test %esp,8(%esp)
add %eax,%esp
pop %ecx
leave
.cfi_def_cfa_register %esp
.cfi_adjust_cfa_offset -4
ret
.cfi_endproc
"
));